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If the daily diet doesn't provide enough minerals and vitamins birds can become ill.
A vitamin deficiency can lead to different mild health problems or even severe illnesses.
Budgies and other birds need many minerals and vitamins, but four of them are most
important and therefore they are described in this chapter.
All deficiency symptoms occur due to undernourishment in general. The first aim of each bird owner should be to avoid such diet mistakes.
Lack of vitamin A
Furthermore, a chronic lack of vitamin A can lead to swellings of the skin around the lower mandible (beak) because the salivary glands that are located in this area of the body are swollen. The mucosa of the throat frequently is yellowish- or whitish-coated, and the birds suffer from eye diseases such as conjunctivitis or swellings of the eye lids.
If a bird is suspected of suffering from a lack of vitamin A one should react fast. For example the swellings of the salivary glands can be treated with vitamin injections in the initial stage of the disease. Later on it is impossible to cure these swellings by the aid of the vitamin; the glands have to be excised by a vet then.
Lack of vitamin B
Avian vets provide liquids that can be added to the drinking water, these food supplements contain a vitamin B complex. In addition to this it's often helpful to inject the birds with vitamin B. Please do never try to cure a bird who is lacking vitamin B on your own; you should always talk to an avian vet for choosing the right therapy.
Lack of vitamin D
With the help of a radiograph an avian vet can find out more about the status of a bird's skeleton and therefore can tell whether a budgie suffers from a lack of vitamin D or not. It is very important to assure an optimal mineral and vitamin supply by offering healthy food. In addition to this in many cases it helps to expose the sick bird to direct sunlight or the rays of a special lamp with UV radiation (e.g. Arcadia Bird Lamp ). Ultraviolet light is important because the bird's skin needs these rays to produce the vitamin D3.
Lack of vitamin E
Attention! If a lack of vitamin E once occurs the bird cannot be healed! Even injections of vitamin E do not heal the bird; they can only relieve the distress. Therefore it is important to provide a well balanced nutrition in order to prevent a deficiency of the vitamin E.
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